Having papers reviewed by peers is a requirement for scholarly publications. The term Open Peer Review (OPR) can refer to different practices, including signing your review, publishing reviews along with the paper, and allowing for the community to contribute to the peer review process. Instead of the traditional single or double blind peer review system, OPR allows for more community engagement and could improve responsibility and accountability of peer reviews. Open Peer Reviews is not just limited to journal publications, but can also apply to preprint reviews and post-publication comments. There are several publishers that offer a form of OPR, such as Biomed Central and Nature Research. A detailed overview on the processes and the benefits of Open Peer Reviews can be found here.
- Journal policies on peer review (database by Transpose)
- Journals supportive of a transparent peer review process (signatories of open letter)
- Editor policies regarding OS (online Platform for Responsible Editor Policies, PREP)
- Peer Reviewers Openness (PRO) Initiative (initiative by reviewers to promote more openness of submitted manuscripts)
- Open Peer Review: promoting transparency in open science (analysis of OPR journals)